composition of honey

Composition of Honey

Composition of hone is gathered from different plants. In this topic we will discuss it details along with its chemical composition of honey.

Plant Name:
  • Fam. Rhamnaceae
  • Ziziphus spina-christi (L) Willd
  • Christ Thorn
  • Sidr
Plant Description:

Sidr plant belongs to the "Ziziphus" family of plants. The average tree size normally between 7-8 meters’ height. Branches are soft with gray-yellow color. Flowers of the plant are Yellow and it has round and Yellowish fruits which turn to reddish color when mature.


Sidr plant grows in coastal, desert, and semi-desert areas. It grows in India, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Egypt, Libya, Sudean, and the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The plant grows extensively in the eastern part of Yemen.

Nutrition Value:

Fruits of sidr trees were found to have a very high-energy value. Only dates, figs, raisins, and few other dried fruits have a higher value. The seeds are rich in protein, the leaves in Calcium, Iron, and Magnesium respectively.

Chemical Composition of Honey:
Ziziphus spina-christi Fruit Seed Leaf
Carbohydrates % 63.8 21.8 25.8
Protein % 3.1 29.6 6.8
Fat % 2.2 3.9 3.3
Calcium mg/100g 177 154 1270
Iron mg/100g 0.6 4.4 7.2
Phosphorus mg/100g 135 1090 85.4
Sulphur mg/100g 94.5 1180 195
Potassium mg/100g 1910 1130 673
Magnesium mg/100g 56.3 301 169
Zinc mg/100g 0.8 9.2 1.5
Copper mg/100g 0.6 1.6 0.3
Manganese mg/100g 0.4 3.5 3.5
Sodium mg/100g 9 14.1 22
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